F.O.B. Free on Board Export term in which the price quoted by the exporter does not include the costs of ocean transportation, but does include loading on board the vessel.
F/V fishing vessel
Fabrication A term used to distinguish manufacturing operations for components as opposed to assembly operations.
Facilitation The implementation of measures leading to the simplification, standardisation and harmonisation of the formalities, procedures, documents and operations inherent to international trade transactions.
FACS Federation of American Controlled Shipping.
Factory Delivery The delivery of goods by a factory whereby the goods are put at the disposal of another (internal) party such as a commercial department.
Fair: To adjust to proper shape or size.
Fairlead Any ring, bolt, eye or loop that guides a rope
Fairway A navigable channel for vessels, often the regular or prescribed track a vessel will follow in order to avoid dangerous circumstances.
Fairway Main channel down which boats should proceed in restricted waters
Fake: One circle of a coil or rope. To coil or arrange a rope ornamentally with each fake flat, or almost flat, on the deck, usually in a circle or figure-of-eight pattern. Sometimes called "Cheesing down".
Faked Arranged in an organized fashion, sometimes with artistic touches.
FAL Facilitation Committee of the IMO.
Fall The part of the tackle which is hauled upon
fall A hoisting rope or chain, especially the part of rope or chain to which power is applied.
Fall off Also bear away or bear off. A boat falls off the wind when it points its bow farther from the eye of the wind. The opposite of heading up.
False alarm Distress alert initiated for other than an appropriate test, by communications equipment intended for alerting, when no distress situation actually exists.
False alert Distress alert received from any source, including communications equipment intended for alerting, when no distress situation actually exists, and a notification of distress should not have resulted
Fang: Valve of a pump box. 2. To prime a pump.
fantail The area of the upper deck of a ship that is nearest the stern. More specifically, a rounded afterdeck that overhangs the propeller and rudder.
Farewell Buoy: Buoy at seaward end of channel leading from a port.
FAS Free Along Side (of ship).
Fashion Transport Transport of clothing and/or garments including shoes, belts and handbags in dedicated means of transport.
Fast Ice: Ice extending seaward from land to which it is attached.
Fast: Hawser by which a vessel is secured. Said of a vessel when she is secured by fasts.
fastening A spike, bolt or other device used to connect one piece of wood to another.
Fathom A measurement used for depth. One fathom equals six feet in depth
Fathom Measurement of six feet.
Fathom: Six feet (1.83 metres); length covered by a man's outstretched arms. Fathom of wood is a cubical volume 6'x 6'x 6' = 216 cu. ft.
FCC fully cellular containership
FCC rules Federal Communications Commission rules governing radio equipment and operation in the United States and its coastal waters.
FCO financed,constructed and operated
Feather Spray: Foaming water that rises upward immediately before stem of any craft being propelled through water.
FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION (FMC) Authorized tariffs and rate-making procedures on conferences operating in the United States.
Feed Back The flow of information back into the control system so that actual performance can be compared with planned performance.
FEEDER A grain container or reservoir constructed around the hatchway between two decks of a ship which when filled with grain automatically feeds or fills in the vacant areas in the lower holds.
Feeder A vessel normally used for local or coastal transport (for carriage of cargo and/or containers) to and from ports not scheduled to be called by the main (ocean) vessel, directly connecting these ports to the main (ocean) vessel.
Feeder: A channel use for carrying water to the upper levels of a canal.
Fender An appliance made of rubber, timber and/or rope or other materials normally attached to a dock or quay used to prevent damage to the hull of a vessel especially during mooring and un-mooring operations.
Fend-offs: (see Fenders)
Ferry Ship carrying passengers and or vehicles engaged in regular short voyages, e.g. across a river or narrow body of water, between two or more places or ports.
Fetch The distance the waves have been driven by a wind blowing in a constant direction, without obstruction
FEU Forty Foot Equivalent Units (Containers).
Fibreglass A construction method using layers of woven glass mats that are bonded together with glue.
Fiddles: Wooden fittings clamped to meal tables in heavy weather. They limit movement of dishes, plates, glasses, etc.
Field Ice: Ice pack whose limits cannot be seen from ship.
Fifth Wheel Circular or wheel-shaped bearing mechanism, secured on the rear of the chassis of a truck- tractor that engages the semi-trailer king pin with a spring lock device and supports the weight of the front end of the semi-trailer.
FIGURE EIGHT KNOT A knot in the form of a figure eight, placed in the end of a line to prevent the line from passing through a grommet or a block.
Figurehead A carved figure perched on the front or bow of sailing vessels that helped establish a ship's identiy, also the captain when the spouse is on board!
Fin keel Single ballasted keel centrally attached to the bottom of the boat
fin keel A keel that is narrower and deeper than a full keel.
FIO Free in and out.
FIREMAN an unlicensed member of the engine, room staff whose duties consist in standing watch in the boiler room and insuring the oil burning equipment is working properly.
FIRST ASSISTANT ENGINEER In charge of four to eight watch. Usually works from eight to four handling engine maintenance. Assigns duties to unlicensed personnel and monitors and records overtime. Consults with Chief regarding work priorities.
First Carrier The carrier who actually performs the first part of the air transport (air cargo).
First In First Out The method whereby the goods which have been longest in stock (first in) are used, delivered (sold) and/or consumed first (first out).
FIRST MATE (CHIEF MATE) In charge of four to eight watch. Directly responsible for all deck operations (cargo storage and handling, deck maintenance deck supplies). Assigns and checks deck department overtime. Ship's medical officer.
fittings Equipment and consumable goods placed on a ship in preparation for its active service and required by its allowance list or for operation.
Five Freedoms A collective term which depicts the five areas of 'rights' for the air-transportation of passengers or cargo, viz. (expressed in terms of an airline of country A):
Fix To find a boat's positions by celestial or land observation
Fixed Crane A crane of which the principal structure is mounted on permanent or semi-permanent foundations.
Fixed Height Load-carrying Truck Truck carrying its load on a non-elevating platform.
Flag An indication of the country in which a means of transport is registered through a reference to the ensign of this country.
FLAGS OF CONVENIENCE The registration of ships in a country whose tax on the profits of trading ships is low or whose requirements concerning manning or maintenance are not stringent. Sometimes referred to as flags of necessity; denotes registration of vessels in foreign nati
Flake: To coil a rope so that each coil, on two opposite sides, lies on deck alongside previous coil; so allowing rope to run freely.
Flammable Capable to be set on fire under given circumstances. (Amendment 25 IMO DGS).
Flare A device that burns to produce a bright light, sometimes colored, usually used to indicate an emergency.
FLARE The outward curve of a vessel's sides near the bow. A distress signal.
Flash Point The lowest temperature at which a good produces enough vapour to form a flammable mixture with air.
Flat Bed Trailer A wheeled trailer or a semi-trailer with a flat cargo carrying surface or deck and without any superstructure.
Flat Pack Garments packed in cardboard boxes.
Flat Rack Container A container with two end walls and open sides.
Fleet Any group of means of transport acting together or under one control.
Fleeting: Shifting the moving block of a tackle from one place of attachment to another place farther along. Moving a man, or men, from one area of work to area next to it.
Flexibility The extent to which and the rate at which adjustments to changed circumstances are possible.
Flight Number A combination of two letters, indicating the airline, and three or four digits indicating the number of the voyage.
Flight: The term given to a series of locks very close together.
Floating Freely suspending in water of an object.
Floating Crane A crane mounted on a barge or pontoon, which can be towed or is self-propelled.
Floating Dock A floating structure which can be partially submerged to enable vessels to enter and to leave and which can be raised for use as a dry dock.
FLOATING OIL STORAGE Oil stored on floating vessels. It has been the practice for oil to be stored in large laid-up oil tankers in order to offset the loss involved while the tankers are inactive.
FLOOD A incoming current.
Flood (1) To fill a space (room) with water; (2) A rising tide.
Flood: If a river overflows the banks it is known as in flood. Also the term given to a tide coming in.
Floodgate: A gate that can be opened or closed to control the flow of water, normally the lower gate of a lock.
Flood-Plain: This is the flat land on either side of the River, over which the water usually spreads when the river floods.
Flood-Tide: The advancing tide.
FLOORBOARDS The surface of the cockpit on which the crew stand.
FLOORBOARDS - The surface of the cockpit on which the crew stand.
Flotsam Debris floating on the water surface.
Flotsam Any of the contents or equipment of a boat which have been washed overboard
Flotsam, Flotson: Goods and fittings that remain floating after a wreck.
Flow Chart A diagram, using symbols and depicting the sequence of events that should take place in a complex set of tasks.
Flow Control A term often used to describe a specific production control system.
Flow Line The direction of flow in which e.g. pallets have been positioned and stowed.
Flow of materials The flow of materials and components which goes to and through the factory for the production process.
Flow: The inward movement of the tide to wards land. As in the term Ebb and Flow. Its also know as Flood.
Fluke 1) The broad flat parts of an anchor that are designed to grab and hold in the bottom.2) A fin on a whale.
Fluke The points of an anchor which dig into the soil of the bottom
Fly Boat: Fast boat used for passenger and cargo traffic in fairly sheltered waters.
FM frequency modulation
FMC Federal Maritime Commission.
FMC Federal Maritime Commission (Control of Shipping acts USA)
FNI Fellow of The Nautical Institute
FO fuel oil
FOB (FREE ON BOARD) Cost of a product before transportation costs are figured in.
Foc'sle Forecastle; forward part of ship. Originally "Fore Castle."
Foil A winglike surface below the hull that, when moved through water, lifts the hull out of the water, allowing greater speeds.
Following sea Sea with waves approaching from the stern of the boat.
Foot The bottom edge of a sail from Tack to Clew.
Foot The lower edge of the sail
Footrope Rope under the yards that sailor stand on while making sail.
For'ard Forward
Force Majeure Circumstance which is beyond the control of one of the parties to a contract and which may, according to the terms and conditions, relieve that party of liability for failing to execute the contract.
Fore Toward the bow (front) of the vessel.
Fore Forward.
Fore and Aft Stowage Stowage from the bow to the stern (lengthwise), as opposed to stowage athwartships.
fore, forward Toward the bow of the boat.
fore-and-aft From the bow to the stern.
FORE-AND-AFT - In a line parallel to the keel.
Forecast 1. An estimation or calculation in advance; a prediction.
Forecastle Also fo’c’sle or fo’csle. Pronounced fo’csle. The most forward below decks area of a vessel.
FORECASTLE The raised part of the forward end of a ship's hull. The inside space may be used for crew accommodation or quarters, though on new ships this space is being used for the storage of paints, tackle, deck and engine stores, tarpaulins, etc.
foredeck The forward part of a ship's upper deck.
foremast The mast nearest the bow of a ship.
Forepeak A space in the bows of a vessel
Foresail A sail placed forward of the mast, such as a jib.
Forestay A line running from the bow of the boat to the upper part of the mast, designed to pull the mast forward. A forestay that attaches slightly below the top of the mast can be used to help control the bend of the mast. The most forward stay on the boat is also called the headstay.
Forestaysail A triangular sail set forward of the mast on the forestay
Foretopmast A mast above the foremast.
Fork Lift Truck A three or four wheeled mechanical truck with forks at the front designed for lifting, carrying and stowing cargo.
Fork Pockets Openings or recesses in a side of a container for the entry of the forks of a fork lift truck.
Formal Performance Evaluation Evaluation of carrier’s performance as per agreed contract.
Forms EDI A screen presenting to a user the contents of an EDI message in a manner that is easy to use and interpret. The form may reside on a web site or the computer of the party viewing or completing the form. The form may be based on the UN Layout key (UNLK).
Formula of Camp A mathematical formula on behalf of inventory management for calculating the optimum order quantity.
Forty Foot Equivalent Unit Unit of measurement equivalent to one forty foot P&O Nedlloyd container.
forward Toward the front of a vessel.
Forwarder The party arranging the carriage of goods including connected services and/or associated formalities on behalf of a shipper or consignee.
Forwarding Charge Charges paid or to be paid for preliminary surface or air transport to the airport of departure by a forwarder, but not by a carrier under an Air Waybill (air cargo).
Forwarding Instruction Document issued to a freight forwarder, giving instructions to the forwarder for the forwarding of goods described therein.
Fothering: Closing small leaks in a vessel's underwater body by drawing a sail, filled with oakum, underneath her.
Foul (1) Entangled, as "The lines are foul of each other;" (2) Stormy.
Foul When a line ends up somewhere it does not belong and becomes jammed. Lines can foul on blocks, winches and other objects on a boat.
Foul To entangle or obstruct
Foul winds Wind directions not suited for the direction the ship is trying to go, i.e., very slow traveling
FOULED Any piece of equipment that is jammed or entangled, or dirtied.
Founder Used to describe a boat that is having difficulty remaining afloat.
Four Way Pallet A pallet of which the frame permits the entry of forks of e.g. a fork lift truck at all four sides.
FPSO floating production,storage and offloading system
Fragile Easily breakable. Term denoting that goods should be handled with care.
frames The transverse strengthening members in a ship's hull that extend from the keel to the deck or gunwale.
frametops The tops of a ship's frames; the transverse strengthening members in a ship's hull that extend from the keel to the deck or gunwhale.
Franc Poincaré Unit of value in which the limitation of the carrier's liability is sometimes expressed. One franc poincaré consists of 65.5 milligram of gold with a fineness of nine hundred thousands.
Franchise Amount which in case of damage will have to be borne by the assured.
Fraud Avoidance of payment of taxes and duties in full or in part or the claiming and obtaining of fictitious export refund claims. (Customs)
Frazil: Small, cake-shaped pieces of ice floating down rivers. Name is given, also, to newly-formed ice sheet off coast of Labrador.
Free House Unclear Delivered at a certain destination without payment of certain duties or incurred costs.
Free Lift The maximum elevation of the forks of a fork lift truck.
Free Port An international port or an area within an international port at which, crew, passengers, baggage, cargo, mail and stores may be disembarked or unloaded, may remain and may be transhipped, without being subjected to any customs charges or duties. (Examina
Free Pratique Permission granted by local medical authorities, denoting that the vessel has a clean Bill of Health so that people may embark and disembark.
Free Trade Zone A part of the territory of a state where any goods introduced are generally regarded, in so far as import duties and taxes are concerned, as being exempted (Kyoto Convention).
FREEBOARD The minimum vertical distance from the surface of the water to the gunwale.
Freeboard Distance measured vertically from the freeboard deck accepted and indicated by the class bureau to the waterline under specified conditions.
Freeboard of a Vessel Vertical distance from the main deck to the surface of the water measured at the middle of the vessel's length.
Freeboard: The distance from the highest point of the hull to the water.
Freedom 1 the right to overfly a foreign country.
Freedom 2 the right to make a non-traffic stop at a foreign country C en route to foreign country B.
Freedom 3 the right to set down (off loading) passengers or cargo in a foreign country B from home country A.
Freedom 4 the right to pick up (loading) passengers/ cargo from a foreign country B to country A.
Freedom 5 the right to carry passengers or cargo between two foreign countries.
Freight The amount of money due for the carriage of goods and payable either in advance or upon delivery.
Freight All Kinds Single freight which is charged irrespective of the commodity.
Freight Collect Freight and charges to be paid by the consignee.
Freight Costs Costs incurred by the merchant in moving goods, by whatever means, from one place to another under the terms of the contract of carriage. In addition to transport costs this may include such elements as packing, documentation, loading, unloading and trans
FREIGHT FORWARDER Arranges shipments for customers usually break bulk. Does not actually carry the cargo or conduct business for the ship.
Freight Invoice An itemised list of goods shipped and services rendered stating fees and charges.
Freight Manifest A (cargo) manifest including all freight particulars.
Freight Payer The party which, by virtue of an agreement is responsible for the payment of freight charges to the carrier.
Freight Prepaid Freight and charges to be paid by the consignor.
FREIGHT RATE The charge made for the transportation of freight
Freight Ton A unit for freighting cargo according to weight and/or cubic measurement.
Freighter A vessel or an aircraft used for the carriage of cargo.
Fresh: The term for a relatively large rise in water.
Freshen the Nip: To veer or haul on a rope, slightly, so that a part subject to nip or chafe is moved away and a fresh part takes its place.
Freshening Wind getting stronger
Freshet: The term given to water that rises by a relatively small amount.
FSA formal safety assessment
FTL Full Truck Load, an indication for a truck transporting cargo directly from supplier to receiver.
FTP file transfer protocol
Full and By: Sailing close-hauled with all sails drawing.
Full Container Load 1. A container stuffed or stripped under risk and for account of the shipper and/or the consignee.
full keel A keel that runs the length of the boat. Full keels have a shallower draft than fin keels.
Full Trailer A truck trailer constructed in such way that its own weight and that of the cargo rest upon its own wheels, instead of being supported by e.g. a tractor.
Fully Cellular Containership A vessel specially designed to carry containers, with cell-guides under deck and necessary fittings and equipment on deck.
Fumigation To expose certain spaces to the action of fumes in order to disinfect or kill vermin. For containers done in line with national legislation.
Furl To roll or fold a sail and secure it to it's spar or boom
Furniture: The essential fittings of a ship, such as masts, davits, derricks, winches, etc
futtock A curved or vertical timber that when paired with a floor or additional futtocks makes the frame of a wooden ship.
Futtock Shrouds Shrouds underneath the top (see) from the mast to the top rim, or edge.