P and I (P&I) club protection and indemnity club
P Bracket: The name given to the bracket that holds the prop at the rear.
Package 1. Any physical piece of cargo in relation to transport consisting
Packaging Materials used for the containment, protection, handling, delivery and presentation of goods and the activities of placing and securing goods in those materials.
Pack-Ice: Numbers of large pieces of floating ice that have come together and lie more or less in contact.
Packing Any container or other covering in which goods are packed.
Packing Instruction Document issued within an enterprise giving instructions on how goods are to be packed.
Packing List Document specifying the contents of each individual package.
Packing Unit A type of package where a standard quantity of products of a specific product type can be packed and that requires no additional packaging for storage and shipment.
Pad eye A small fitting with a hole used to guide a line.
Paddle A small oar
Paddle gear: The name given to the various types of mechanism used for opening and closing paddles.
Paddy's Purchase: Seaman's scornful name for any lead of a rope by which effort is lost or wasted. "Paddy's purchase, spunyarn over a nail."
painted waterline A painted line on the side of a boat at the waterline. The color usually changes above and below the waterline, and the boat is painted with special anti-fouling paint below the waterline.
Painter A line attached to the bow of a dinghy and used to tie it up or tow it.
Pallet A platform on which goods can be stacked in order to facilitate the movement by a fork lift or sling.
Pallet Convertor Superstructure which can be applied to a pallet to convert it into either a box or post pallet.
Pallet Rack A skeleton framework, of fixed or adjustable design, to support a number of individual pallet loads.
Pallet Truck Pedestrian- or rider-controlled non-stacking lift truck fitted with forks.
Palm A sailmaker's version of a thimble
pan pan An urgent message used on a radio regarding the safety of people or property. A mayday call is used when there is an immediate threat to life or property. A pan pan situation may develop into a mayday situation. Pan pan and mayday messages have priority on radio channels and should not be interrupted. In the case of a less urgent safety message, the securite signal is used.
PANAMAX A vessel designed to be just small enough to transit the Panama Canal
Panamax Market category of ships notionally within the limit for transit of the Panama Canal.
Panamax Size The maximum measurements and dimensions of a vessel capable to pass the Panama Canal.
Pancake Ice: Small, circular sheets of newly-formed ice that do not impede navigation.
PAN-PAN The international radiotelephony urgency signal. When repeated three times, indicates uncertainty or alert, followed by nature of urgency
Parallel Latitude line.
Parallels Lines of latitude
Parapet: A low protective wall along the edge of a bridge.
Parapet: A low protective wall along the edge of a bridge.
Parclose: Limber hole of a ship.
Participating Carrier 1. A carrier participating in a tariff and who therefore applies the rates, charges, routing and regulations of the tariff.
Particular Average Particular average only relates to damage and/or expenses which are exclusively borne by the owners of a vessel which has sustained damage as a result of e.g. heavy weather or by the owners of the cargo, which has been damaged in transit.
Parting Strop: Strop inserted between two hawsers, and weaker than the hawsers, so that strop, and not hawsers, will part with any excessive strain. 2. Special strop used for holding cable while parting it.
Partners The opening in the deck through which the mast passes
Partnership An ongoing relationship between two organisations which involves a commitment over an extended time period and a mutual sharing of the risks and rewards of the relationship.
Passage A journey from one place to another.
PASSENGER SHIP A passenger ship that its authorized to carry over twelve passengers.
Pay Off: To discharge a crew and close Articles of Agreement of a merchant ship. 2. To terminate commission of H.M.ship. 3. Said of ship's head when it moves away from wind, especially when tacking.
Pay out To let out a line.
Payee A party to whom a payment is made or owed.
Payer A party who pays or is to pay.
Payload The revenue-producing load carried by a means of transport.
Payment That which discharges a debt.
Payment Against Documents Instructions given by a seller to a bank to the effect that the buyer may collect the documents necessary to obtain delivery of the goods only upon actual payment of the invoice.
PC personal computer
Peak The upper corner of a four sided sail
Peggy: Merchant Navy nickname for seaman whose turn of duty it is to keep the messing place clean.
Pennant: A triangular flag.
Pennant: A triangular flag used for signaling.
PER CONTAINER RATE Rates and/or changes on shipments transported in containers or trailers and rated on the basis of the category of the container or trailer.
Performance Indicator A variable indicating the effectiveness and/or efficiency of a process.
Performance Measurement The comparison of the results of business processes with each other or with standards in order to know the effectiveness of these processes and/or the supportive actions.
Permeability Ratio expressed as a percentage assumed for the volume of a compartment which can be flooded by water after damage, to the total volume of that compartment; respectively the actual calculated value of that ratio.
PERSONAL FLOATATION DEVICE Approved floats meant as life preservers and carried on board American ships.
personal floatation device, PFD A device used to keep a person afloat. Also called a life jacket, life preserver or life vest.
Petty Officer: Rank intermediate between officer and rating, and in charge of ratings. Usually messed apart from ratings, and has special privileges appropriate to his position.
Petty Officers Non-commissioned officers.
PFD position fixing device, personal floatation device
PFD Personal Flotation Device, a device used to keep a person afloat. Also called a life jacket, life preserver or life vest.
Phased Delivery The delivery of parts of the shipment.
Phonetic Alphabet Alphabet used by the Navy when making sure that a letter is understood; i.e. "LIMA ECHO FOXTROT TANGO spells LEFT" Go here to see the whole alphabet.
Physical Distribution Those activities related to the flow of goods from the end of conversion to the customer.
Physical Distribution Management The planning execution and control of those activities which are related to the flow of goods from the end of conversion to the customer.
PIANC Permanent International Association of Navigation Congresses
Pick and Pack Taking goods out of a stock and packing them according to customer conditions.
Pick Order An order to pick certain quantities of goods out of a stock.
Pick Up and Delivery A service concerning the collection of cargo from the premises of the consignor and the delivery to the premises of the consignee.
Pick Up Service The carriage of outbound consignments from the point of pick up to the airport of departure (air cargo).
Picking Taking products or components out of a stock.
Picking List
Pier another name for the quay or berth
PIER A loading platform extending at an angle from the shore.
Pier A place extending out into the water where vessels may dock. Usually made out of wood or cement.
Piggin: Very small wooden pail having one stave prolonged to form a handle. Used as a bailer in a boat.
Piggyback The carriage of road vehicles and trailers on railway wagons.
Pilaster: A rectangular column normally that projects from a wall into which it is set or if ornamental fastened.
Pilaster: A rectangular column normally that projects from a wall into which it is set or if ornamental fastened.
PILE A wood, metal or concrete pole driven into the bottom. Craft may be made fast to a pile; it may be used to support a pier (see PILING) or a float.
Pile Mooring: Posts driven into a river or sea bed to enable boats to tie up to.
pile, piling A pole embedded in the sea bottom and used to support docks, piers and other structures.
Pilferage Petty stealing of goods from a ship's hold, cargo shed or warehouse.
PILOT A person who is qualified to assist the master of a ship to navigate when entering or leaving a port.
Pilot 1. Local expert advising a vessel's captain on safe navigation in those areas where the captain is ignorant of local circumstances or where it is obligatory to take a pilot.
PILOT HOUSE The enclosed space on the navigating bridge from which a ship is controlled when under way.
Pilot In Command The pilot responsible for the operation and safety of the aircraft during flight time.
PILOTAGE The act carried out by a pilot of assisting the master of a ship in navigation when entering or leaving a port. Sometimes used to define the fee payable for the services of a pilot.
PILOTAGE DUES A fee payable by the owner or operator of a ship for the services of a pilot. This fee is normally based on the ship's tonnage.
pilothouse A compartment on or near the bridge of a ship that contains the steering wheel and other controls, compass, charts, navigating equipment and means of communicating with the engine room and other parts of the ship. Also known as wheelhouse.
PILOTING Navigation by use of visible references, the depth of the water, etc.
Pinch To sail too close to the wind
Pinch To sail too close to the wind so that the sails start to luff.
Pinnace: Formerly, small, two-masted sailing vessel sometimes with oars. Now rowing, sailing or mechanically-propelled boat of R.N. Is diagonal built: 36ft. in length.
Pipeline 1. A line of pipes for conveying liquids and gasses.2. The physical goods flow from a supplying organisation to a receiving organisation.
Pipeline Inventory The amount of goods in a pipeline: the sum of loading stock, goods in transit and receiving stock.
Pitch 1) A fore and aft rocking motion of a boat.2) How much a propeller is curved.3) A material used to seal cracks in wooden planks.
Pitch pole Said of a boat which somersaults stern over bow
Pivot Weight Minimum chargeable weight of a Unit Load Device.
PIW person in water
Place of Delivery The location where a consignment (shipment) is delivered to the consignee viz. the place where the carrier's liability ends for the transport venture.
Place of Despatch Name and address specifying where goods are collected or taken over by the carrier (i.e. if other than consignor).
Place of Receipt The location where a consignment (shipment) is received by the carrier from the shipper viz. the place where the carrier's liability for transport venture commences.
Placement The activity of positioning an object or goods in a chosen location or position.
Plane To gain hydrodynamic lift causing the boat to lift
PLANING A boat is said to be planing when it is essentially moving over the top of the water rather than through the water.
PLANING HULL A type of hull shaped to glide easily across the water at high speed.
PLANING HULL A type of hull shaped to glide easily across the water at high speed.
Planking The covering of the ribs of the boat
Planning The setting of goals over a certain time and the determination of how to achieve these goals and with what resource.
Planning Horizon The period of time to which a certain particular plan relates.
plate A smooth, flat, relatively thin piece of metal formed in sheets by beating, rolling or casting; used in the construction of ship's hulls.
Platform The area on an airport where aircrafts are parked for embarkation and/or loading and discharging purposes (air cargo).
Platform Body A truck or trailer without ends, sides or top but with only a floor.
PLB personal locator beacon
Plimsoll Mark A mark, welded on both sides of the vessel, which gives the limit to which a vessel may be loaded, depending on the specific gravity of the water in which the vessel is situated.
Plot To find a ship's actual or intended course or mark a fix on a chart.
Plot to mark a course on a chart
plow anchor Also called a CQR or coastal quick release anchor. An anchor that is designed to bury itself into the ground by use of its plow shape.
Plunge Pool: The deep pool at the front of a waterfall, into which rocks fall which have been eroded by the River.
Plunge Pool: The deep pool at the front of a waterfall, into which rocks fall which have been eroded by the River.
PMA Pacific Maritime Association.
PMS planned maintenance system
POB pilot on board/persons on board
POB persons on board
Point 1) To sail as close as possible to the wind. Some boats may be able to point better than others, sailing closer to the wind.2) The named directions on a compass such as north, northeast, etc.
Point Divisions of a compass which has 32 points
Point to turn closer towards the wind (point up)
Point High To sail very close to the wind
point of sail The position of a sailboat in relation to the wind. A boat with its head into the wind is known as "head to wind" or "in irons." The point of sail with the bow of the boat as close as possible to the wind is called close-hauled. As the bow moves further from the wind, the points of sail are called: close reach, beam reach, broad reach and running. The general direction a boat is sailing is known as its tack.
Point Value The point value can be seen as the relative value of an empty container
Points to sailing The different angles from the wind on which a boat can sail
Pontoon A floating flat structure used for work alongside the ship, to facilitate embarkation or disembarkation of persons, or to move cargo alongside.
pony boiler Variation of donkey boiler.
Pool The shared use of e.g. equipment by a number of companies, which make together the investments in the equipment mentioned.
Pool: Enclosed, or nearly enclosed sheet of water. 2. Fluctuating congregation of men from which can be drawn hands required for manning ships, and to which can be added men available for manning.
POOLING The sharing of cargo or the profit or loss from freight by member lines of a liner conference. Pooling arrangements do not exist in all conferences.
Poop A raised deck on the after part of the ship
poop deck A boat's aft deck.
Pooped A wave that breaks over the stern of the boat.
Pooping: Said of a vessel, or of the sea, when following seas sweep inboard from astern.
Popple: A short, confused sea.
Port 1. Harbour having facilities for vessels to moor and load or discharge.2. Left side of a vessel when facing towards the front or forward end.
port The left side of a ship when facing forward
Port Hole: Small aperture, usually circular, in ship's side. Used for lighting, ventilating and other purposes.
Port of Call Place where a vessel actually drops anchor or moors during a certain voyage.
Port of Discharge The port where the cargo is actually discharged (unloaded) from the sea (ocean) going vessel.
Port of Loading The port where the cargo is actually loaded on board the sea (ocean) going vessel.
Port tack sailing with the wind coming from the port side, with the boom on the starboard side
Portal Crane A type of gantry crane with vertical legs of sufficient height and width to permit vehicles or railroad equipment to pass between the legs.
Porthole A window in the side of a boat, usually round or with rounded corners. Sometimes portholes can be opened; sometimes they are fixed shut.
Portlog A statement concerning a vessel containing the actual arrival and departure time used tugs, draft, dead-weight, quantity of discharged and loaded goods/containers and any other important particulars.
Position line or "line of position" A position line is a line along which the boat is positioned
Positioning The transport of empty equipment from a depot to shipper's premises or from consignee's premises back to a depot as the empty leg of a carrier haulage transport.
Postal Code A national code maintained by the Postal Authorities designed to indicate areas and accumulated addresses to facilitate sorting and the delivery of mail and other goods.
Pound The action of a boat's bow repeatedly slamming into oncoming waves.
Pound: The stretch of water between locks.
PPE Personal Protective Equipment
PPIER A loading platform extending at an angle from the shore.
Practice That what has become customary as a result of repeated acts.
Pram A type of dinghy with a flat bow.
Prau: This boat, used by Wallace and to be used by Tim Severin, is "a fast, sharp-ended rowing or sailing-boat widely used in Malayan water and once popular with Malayan pirates. The prau is long and narrow, rugged with one or two fore-and-aft sails. Modern praus are usually open and relatively small. In earlier times they were decked and up to 60 feet or 18 metres long." (Encyclopaedia Britannica, Vol. 9, p.668 2c.)
Precarriage The carriage of goods (containers) by any mode of transport from the place of receipt to the port (place) of loading into the ocean vessel (main means of transport).
Precarrier The carrier by which the goods are moved prior to the main transport.
Precipitation: Any form of water in the atmosphere.
Preshipment Inspection The checking of goods before shipment for the purpose of determining the quantity and/or quality of said goods by an independent surveyor (inspection company) for phytosanitary, sanitary and veterinary controls.
Pre-slinging The act of placing goods in slings which are left in position and used for loading into and discharging from a conventional vessel.
Press To forcibly recruit. The Royal Navy made up shortages of seamen by pressing experienced hands from the merchant service. Technically, they were only allowed to press Englishmen with sea experience; in practice, desperate British captains settled for any able-bodied men.
Press gang A group of sailors, led by a commissioned or warrant officer, sent to scour port towns for seamen.
Pre-trip Inspection A technical inspection of Reefer containers prior to positioning for stuffing.
prevailing winds The typical winds for a particular region and time of year.
Preventer A line run forward from the boom to a secure fitting to prevent the boom from swinging violently when running.
Preventer Additional stay line used to prevent the boom from jibing
Primage: Money paid by shipper to Master of ship for diligence in care of cargo. Not now paid to Master, but added to freight. Amount was usually about 1% of freight.
Primary swell The swell system having the greatest height from trough to crest
prime meridian The longitude line at 0°, which runs through Greenwich, England.
Principal Person for whom another acts as agent.
Principal Corporate Body The company that owns the various subsidiary companies or branches acting as customers on their own and is registered as the corporate customer for statistical purposes.
Priority Order An order which is identified as taking precedence over other orders to ensure its completion in the minimum time.
Private Warehouse A warehouse operated by the owner of the goods stored there.
Privileged boat The boat that has the right of way.
Privileged vessel the ship with the right of way
Prize Captured enemy ship.
Prize money Captured ships were sold at auction, and the money divided among the officers and crew of the victorious ships.
Pro Forma Invoice Draft invoice simply to advise the value of a consignment so that letters of credit can be opened.
Procedure Steps to be followed in order to comply with a formality, including the timing, format and transmission method for the submission of required information.
Process Mapping A diagrammatically break down of a supply chain.
Procuration: The acting of one person on behalf of another. 2. A document authorizing one person to act on behalf of another.
Procurement The activities which ensure the availability of the material and or services in the desired quantity, quality, place and time from the supplier.
Procurement Logistics Control of the flow of materials up to the manufacturing process.
Product A result, end items or output from a certain process.
PRODUCT CARRIER A tanker which is generally below 70,000 deadweight tons and used to carry refined oil products from the refinery to the consumer. In many cases, four different grades of oil can be handled simultaneously.
Product Chain All phases in the transformation- or production process of one product.
Product Life Cycle The period of time between the introduction date and end date of a product in the market.
Production 1. The conversion of materials and or assembly of components to manufacture goods, products or services.
Productivity Relative measure of output of labour hour or machine hour.
Profit Centre An organisational unit which will be held responsible for its own profits and losses.
Project Cargo Quantity of goods connected to the same project and often carried on different moments and from various places.
Project Management Managing a transport project, which involves the design and implementation of logistics solutions including resource planning, costing and profits.
Proof House Junction: In Birmingham the canal term given to the junction at Digbeth due to the close proximity of Birmingham's gun barrel proofing house.
Proof of Delivery The receipt signed by the consignee upon delivery.
Prop Slang for propeller.
Prop walk The sideways effect of the propeller on the stern
PROPANE CARRIER A ship designed to carry propane in liquid form. The propane is carried in tanks within the holds; it remains in liquid form by means of pressure and refrigeration. Such ships are also suitable for the carriage of butane.
Propeller An object with two or more twisted blades that is designed to propel a vessel through the water when spun rapidly by the boat’s engine.
propeller shaft The spinning shaft from the engine to which the propeller is attached.
Proper Shipping Name A name to be used to describe particular goods on all P&O Nedlloyd documents and notifications and, if appropriate, on the goods. basis (air cargo).
Propogation: Movement of crest of a progressive wave.
Protection and Indemnity Club p & I A mutual association of shipowners who provide protection against liabilities by means of contributions.
Protest signal A signal which is hoisted during a sailing race to protest the actions of another
Protest: Statement under oath, made before a notary public, concerning a actual or anticipated loss, damage or hindrance in the carrying out of a marine adventure.
Protocol A statement drawn up to attest certain events.
Prow The part of the bow forward of where it leaves the waterline.
PS parallel sweep search
PSC port state control
Public Authorities The agencies or officials in a state responsible for the application and enforcement of the laws and regulations of that state. Source: IMO.
Public Warehouse A warehouse which is available to all companies and persons who wish to make use of the services offered.
Published Charge A charge, the amount of which is specifically set forth in the carrier's rates tariff.
Puddle: The name given to the clay which lines the beds of canals.
Puddle: The name given to the clay which lines the beds of canals.  
Puff A sudden burst of wind stronger than what is blowing at the time.
Pull Distribution System A system to provide warehouses with new stock on request of the warehouse management.
Pulpit Elevated guardrail at the bow.
Pulpit A sturdy railing around the deck on the bow.
Pulpit An elevated guardrail set up at the bow or stern
PUMPMAN A rating who tends to the pumps of an oil tanker.
PUMPMAN (TANKERS) Operates pumps and discharges petroleum products. Maintains and repairs all cargo handling equipment.
Punt Flat bottomed boat square at either end
Puoy: Spiked pole used for propelling a barge or boat by resting its outboard end on an unyielding object.
Purchase Order A definite order for one or more deliveries by the supplier to the customer of a specific quantity of goods, materials, services or products under agreed terms of delivery and prices.
Purchase Order Management Supply chain management to purchase order article level.
PURSER A ship's officer who is in charge of accounts, especially on a passenger ship.
Purser's Grin: Hypocritical smile, or sneer.
Push Distribution System A system to provide warehouses with new stock upon decision of the supplier of the goods.
put about To change the course of a sailing vessel.
PV pressure/vacuum,prime vertical